Nineteenth Century Serials Edition
Grant Holder: Prof Laurel Brake
A three year Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funded project, ncse seeks to achieve two key objectives:
First the ncse project responds to the pressing need to republish these fragile printed items in ways which maintain their integrity. As physical collections are often incomplete, and deteriorating quality hampers access, electronic editions offer new opportunities to re-present such material in a way that is, for the first time online, comprehensive and freely available meaning that the material can be used in entirely novel ways. ncse will create a resource which both preserves what is gained in readers’ experiences of engaging with periodicals as historical material objects, and concurrently exploit the potential of the digital format in the access and use of these objects.
The project will establish a unique full-text digital edition of six diverse nineteenth-century serials and make this freely available via the web. The titles we have chosen represent individually significant but still under-researched publications. Edited together as a cluster they exemplify the complex interactions of periodical text both in and across titles. Unconventionally, the coherence of the edition does not rely on a single title, author, subject/theme, or period as its organizing principle. Instead, the premise of our edition is that the nature of public discourse and communication networks is open-ended, allowing for unexpected connections.
The range of titles, unusually combining newspapers and periodicals, includes significant weeklies and monthlies, and a variety of subjects and readerships: Northern Star (mid-century; working-class); Monthly Repository and its supplement the Unitarian Chronicle (radical, middle-class, Unitarian); Leader (progressive, liberal, secular); English Woman’s Journal (mid-century, feminist); Tomahawk (satirical); Publishers’ Circular (print trade). By conceiving of multiple titles across the century as a single edition, we hope to extend the logic of serials – dynamic, shifting, overlapping – to our research framework.
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology will enable users to search the full text of the whole edition whilst viewing readable facsimile images of the pages on which their highlighted search strings appear, or to simply browse the edition wholly or by page, issue, volume or title.
Second, ncse aims to formulate and implement new ways of realising our current scholarly conceptualisation of these materials in electronic form, allowing users not only to engage with extra-textual elements of these objects, but to use those elements to delineate different types of content in searching and browsing. In order to achieve this end ncse is engaged in planning its ‘ideal edition’: producing models which express our current scholarly conceptualisation of the material’s content, physical features and semasiology. These models can then be drawn upon to design the information architecture of the resource. See our work in progress page for examples.
ncse is a collaborative venture, including scholars in nineteenth-century serials and in new digital technologies for the humanities from Birkbeck College (University of London); King’s College London (University of London); the British Library and Olive Software. It has been funded through the support of an Arts and Humanities Research Council ‘Resource Enhancement’ grant.
|Project start date: 2005-01||Project end date: 2008-03|
|2d Scanning and photography||Data capture|
|Resource sharing||Communication and collaboration|
|Cataloguing and indexing||Data structuring and enhancement|
|Content analysis||Data analysis|
|Data mining||Data analysis|
|Documentation||Strategy and project management|
|Image enhancement||Data structuring and enhancement|
|Image segmentation||Data analysis|
|Iterative design||Strategy and project management|
|Text encoding - descriptive||Data structuring and enhancement|
|Text encoding - presentational||Data structuring and enhancement|
|Prototyping||Strategy and project management|
|Risk management||Strategy and project management|
|Searching and querying||Data analysis|
|Server scripting||Data publishing and dissemination|
|Version control||Strategy and project management|
|Text recognition||Data capture|
|Textual interaction (asynchronous)||Communication and collaboration|
|Textual interaction (synchronous)||Communication and collaboration|
|Topic Detection and Tracking||Data analysis|
|Usability analysis||Strategy and project management|
|Interface design||Data publishing and dissemination|
|Web browser scripting||Data publishing and dissemination|
|text mining||Data analysis|
|Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)||Metadata standards|
Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Content types created:
Dataset/structured data, Still Image/Graphics, Text
Software tools used:
Source material used:
* Publishers’ Circular (1880-1890) including some wrappers * Tomahawk (1867-1870) including some wrappers * English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864) * Leader (1850-1860) including multiple editions * Northern Star (1837-1852) including multiple editions and supplementary portraits * Monthly Repository of Theology and General Literature (1806-1838) and its supplement the Unitarian Chronicle
Digital resource created:
The edition will feature full-text facsimiles, including adverts, illustrations, supplements, portraits and multiple editions, and provide sophisticated searching and indexing functions. This resource, developed in collaboration with the Centre for Computing in the Humanities at King’s College London and Olive Software, will facilitate extensive research within titles and across the cluster. Challenging conventional uses of print media by emphasizing its interconnectedness, ncse provides a new technical and methodological model for electronic editions and a new conceptual framework for researchers.
Access to digital resource:
Transformation of text-mining output into Lucene index Generation of XHTML from TEI XML and Lucene indices via Apache Cocoon Transformation of PDF files into segmented images delivered in XHTML via Olive ViewPoint application server
Data Formats created:
Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF), Extensible Markup Language (XML), Extensible Markup Language (XML) TEI-compliant
Metadata standards employed:
Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)
Jim Mussell and Suzanne Paylor: ' Mapping the “Mighty Maze:” the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition' , 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 1 (2005).
Institutions affiliated with this project:
|UK HE institutions involved:|
|King's College London|
|UK HE institutions involved:|
Project staff and expertise:
|Principal staff member:||Dr Marilyn Deegan; Professor Harold Short; Dr Suzanne Paylor; Professor Laurel Brake; Professor Isobel Armstrong; Dr James Mussell; Dr Mark Turner|
|Metadata on this arts-humanities.net record|
|Author(s) of record||Paul Vetch|
|Title||Nineteenth Century Serials Edition|
|Record updated||2010-06-11 11:17|
|URL of record||http://www.arts-humanities.net/node/2241|
|Citation of record||Paul Vetch: Nineteenth Century Serials Edition.|
created: 2009-10-20, last updated 2010-06-11 11:17